A table saw is just a woodworking tool that consists of an electric motor and a circular saw blade that is mounted in a supporting structure called arbor.
You will see a blade that protrudes through its surface providing support for any material being cut such as wood.
If you want to vary the cut’s depth, you will have to move its blade down and up a little bit, therefore a deeper cut of the materials will require that a blade be put higher.
Compare The Best Table Saws for 2017
Factors to Consider When Buying Table Saw
- Ease of use: Your table saw must be easy to use in order to get the right results and avoid safety hazards. In addition, your saw’s hand wheels must turn easily and the saw itself must be easy to adjust.
- Blade Size: Your blade should be tilted as angle and bevel cuts need this feature, though it is just a matter of your personal preferences. Your table saw must have a drive belt from the saw blade assembly to the motor.
- Model: A portable table saw can be moved to any job site. A contractor table saw will be fine to handle large pieces of wood. A hybrid table saw is a portable saw, and the cabinet saw is heavy and large.
- Motor’s horsepower: Horsepower is one of the most important features of any table saw out there. Table saws featuring between 1.5 and 2 horsepower motor will work in any 120-volt circuit. Table saws featuring between 3 and 5 horsepower motor will work in any 240-volt circuit.
- Kickback prevention: Your table saw should have a riving knife.
- Flesh sensor: This sensor will stop the machine when it touches your skin.
- Magnetic Switch: Make sure its have Magnetic and kick switches. Because magnetic switch guarantee whether you forget or not, the switch will right away turn off.
- Dust collection: It makes easy the cleaning of your table saw so it should be able to get rid of most of the dust, if not all of it.
- Tilt: Most table saws feature a bevel adjustment of 0-45 degree with the blade tilted a little bit to the right, though some saws feature left-tilt mechanisms.
Table Saw Types
There are various types of Table Saws. Below are the basic types of Table Saws.
Portable table Saw
Portable table saw is the perfect choice of the wood shop. They are made with attached rolling stands that are easy to set up. These table saws feature enhanced cutting capacity with easy blade controls. They adopt 10 inch blades which are driven are driven by 5 amp motors. They are made of convenient safety devices and excellent Dust Control System.
This will ensure your premises remain tidy all the time. The rip fences are sturdy, accurate and wide. The fences are capable of ripping up to 24 inches wide. Portable table saw are perfect for cutting framing lumber for windows. Apparently, they are more tough and accurate than the old models and provides best cuts for plywood and oak.
Contractor Table Saw
Are you a contractor or just a mere hobbyist? Then this the best table saw for you. A contractor table saw is quite heavier and larger than a portable table saw but not big as a cabinet saw. They feature relatively smaller motors that hangs at the back and are a little bit less noisy. These table saws come with fixed open legs and most of them are heavy and not easily portable.
You may require a helping hand to move it around. A contractor table saw will best suit you if you are operating a small premise. Typically, most contactor table saws run on 120-volt electricity. They are capable of ripping bigger pieces of materials with awesome accuracy. They are perfect for joinery endeavors and building projects.
Cabinet Table Saw
If you are targeting fine woodworking, then you should consider a cabinet table saw. They are the heaviest and sturdiest table saws. Cabinet table saws are relatively more precise featuring very powerful motors of 220-v outlet. They adopts guide rails and large tables with extension rings. They give the best results in cutting bigger and larger items such as sheet stock or plywood.
Hybrid Table Saws
Just as the name suggest, hybrid table saws are combinations of two different saws. They are built to suit the budget of small contractors and hobbyist. Apart from being limited in its features and ability, cabinet table saws are a bit more expensive for a mere hobbyist or a small contractor. That is why the manufacturers came out with the idea of hybrid Table saws which entails more functionality at a cheaper price.
They are smaller than Cabinet saws and feature smaller and lighter motors that are often rated between 1-2 horsepower. Some of the hybrid saws have enclosed cabinet base that rests on the ground while others adopts cabinet underneath that has short legs that it rests on.
Typically, the major difference between a hybrid table saw and contractor table saw is in terms of their motors. Whereas the contractor table saw features a hanging motor, hybrid saws have inbuilt motors that are mounted in the body. Hybrid saws usually adopts a more advanced gearing and enhanced belt style. This translates to finer cut. They require less maintenance work.
Table Saw Sizes
The largest blade of a saw will determine the size of the table saw. Most home workshops should use an eight-inch blade at least. This type of blade feature a 90-degree cut depth of 1 3/4 inches and just 13/8 inches at an angle of 45 degrees. There also exist blades featuring between 9-inch and 12-inch sizes.
Uses of Table Saw
Since a table saw is the most productive and versatile of any woodworking machines, it is mostly used as the woodshop’s workhorse. You can use a table saw to miter-cut, square, cross-cut, rip, rabbet, dado, and apply shapes to wood stock’s edges.
Table Saw Blades
Crosscut blades and rip blades are the main types of saw blades. Rip blades are designed to cut with the stock’s grain by using a limited amount of deep teeth in order to clear away any material. Crosscut blades are created to cut wood perpendicular to the wood grain, and they cut with kerf by using carbides and chisels. Combination blades are also quite common and they combine the benefits of crosscut and rip tables in a single unit.
Table Saw Safety Rules
- Keep your blade clean and sharp, which is something most newbies do not realize.
- The saw should be aligned so as to make it parallel to its miter grooves.
- Use the blade guard as many times as you can.
- Your workpiece must be pushed past your blade.
- During your crosscut, avoid using a rip fence.
- Check for any wood flaws.
Read more about table saw safety tips
We have talked about many interesting and important things about table saws. Remember that there are many types of table saws and the one you choose will depend on your personal preferences. It is important to understand the different usages of a table saw and make you’re your table saw has all the safety features required to protect your skin and life.